Table of Contents
- 1 Why is it important to know about protein synthesis?
- 2 Which is the most important structure to concentrate on for a general understanding of protein synthesis?
- 3 What is the importance of understanding the process of protein synthesis with respect to the development of medications?
- 4 How does protein synthesis affects the cell?
- 5 What causes mutation during protein synthesis?
- 6 What happens when the translation process occurs?
Why is it important to know about protein synthesis?
The ribosome assembles the correct amino acids to form a new protein. Proteins are important in all cells and do different jobs, such as incorporating carbon dioxide into sugar in plants and protecting bacteria from harmful chemicals. If protein synthesis goes wrong, diseases such as cancer can occur.
Which is the most important structure to concentrate on for a general understanding of protein synthesis?
Nucleus and Nucleolus The nucleolus is the most prominent structure within the nucleus. It is the site of ribosomal RNA transcription and processing and ribosome assembly, or the creation of ribosomal protein synthesis centers.
What is essential for the synthesis of protein?
Nitrogen is used in the synthesis of protein.
What are the steps to protein synthesis?
It includes three steps: initiation, elongation, and termination. After the mRNA is processed, it carries the instructions to a ribosome in the cytoplasm. Translation occurs at the ribosome, which consists of rRNA and proteins.
What is the importance of understanding the process of protein synthesis with respect to the development of medications?
Understanding protein synthesis is paramount in studying various medical fields, from the molecular basis of genetic diseases through antibiotic development to expressing recombinant proteins as drugs or clinical laboratory reagents.
How does protein synthesis affects the cell?
Protein synthesis underpins much of cell growth and, consequently, cell multiplication. Understanding how proliferating cells commit and progress into the cell cycle requires knowing not only which proteins need to be synthesized, but also what determines their rate of synthesis during cell division.
Why is protein synthesis important for muscle growth?
Protein is the building block of muscles. Muscle protein synthesis is a naturally occurring process in which protein is produced to repair muscle damage caused by intense exercise. The ratio of MPS to MPB determines whether muscle tissues are built or lost. If MPS outpaces MPB, muscle growth is achieved.
Why is the process of protein synthesis critical to life quizlet?
Why is the process of protein synthesis critical to life? Protein is required for tissue formation and constitutes hormones and enzymes.
What causes mutation during protein synthesis?
These external agents of genetic change are called mutagens. Exposure to mutagens often causes alterations in the molecular structure of nucleotides, ultimately causing substitutions, insertions, and deletions in the DNA sequence.
What happens when the translation process occurs?
Translation is the process by which a protein is synthesized from the information contained in a molecule of messenger RNA (mRNA). Translation occurs in a structure called the ribosome, which is a factory for the synthesis of proteins.
How can we benefit from protein synthesis?
Consume protein after exercise to maximize protein synthesis and promote adaptation. Liquid forms of protein are best due to their rapid digestion rate. Rapidly digested proteins are best with isolated proteins such as whey, milk proteins, or soy appearing to be most efficient.