## Why do we need variational inferences?

Variational Bayesian methods are primarily used for two purposes: To provide an analytical approximation to the posterior probability of the unobserved variables, in order to do statistical inference over these variables.

### When can Expectation Maximization be used?

The Expectation-Maximization (EM) algorithm is a way to find maximum-likelihood estimates for model parameters when your data is incomplete, has missing data points, or has unobserved (hidden) latent variables. It is an iterative way to approximate the maximum likelihood function.

What is variational em?

The variational EM gives us a way to bypass computing the partition function and allows us to infer the parameters of a complex model using a deterministic optimization step. In the next post, I will give a concrete example with a simple Gaussian Mixture Model.

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What is the difference between K means and EM?

Answer : Process of K-Means is something like assigning each observation to a cluster and process of EM(Expectation Maximization) is finding likelihood of an observation belonging to a cluster(probability). This is where both of these processes differ.

## What variational means?

The act, fact, or process of varying. b. The extent or degree to which something varies: a variation of ten pounds in weight. 2. Something different from another of the same type: told a variation of an old joke.

### Why is it called variational inference?

The term variational is used because you pick the best q in Q — the term derives from the “calculus of variations,” which deals with optimization problems that pick the best function (in this case, a distribution q).

What is variational bound?

The evidence lower bound (ELBO, also variational lower bound or negative variational free energy) is a lower bound on the probability of observing some data under a model.

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Is expectation maximization unsupervised?

Usage of EM algorithm – It can be used to fill the missing data in a sample. It can be used as the basis of unsupervised learning of clusters. It can be used for the purpose of estimating the parameters of Hidden Markov Model (HMM).

## What is the difference between varivariational Bayes and expectation maximization?

Variational Bayes is just a Bayesian version of expectation maximization but it can be quite useful in situations where MCMC breaks down (because of multimodality, for instance) and in the estimation of latent variables. EM is used under the hood in most software for maximum likelihood estimation when dealing with missing data or latent variables.

### What is the difference between Gaussian mixture model and Em?

For example, the EM for the Gaussian Mixture Model consists of an expectation step where you compute the soft assignment of each datum to K clusters, and a maximization step which computes the parameters of each cluster using the assignment. However, for complex models, we cannot use the EM algorithm.

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What are some of the best tutorials for variational inference?

There are many great tutorials for variational inference, but I found the tutorial by Tzikas et al. 1 to be the most helpful. It follows the steps of Bishop et al. 2 and Neal et al. 3 and starts the introduction by formulating the inference as the Expectation Maximization.

What are the parameters of the Bayesian gaussianmixture?

The parameters implementation of the BayesianGaussianMixture class proposes two types of prior for the weights distribution: a finite mixture model with Dirichlet distribution and an infinite mixture model with the Dirichlet Process.