What did Sir Arthur Harris do?

What did Sir Arthur Harris do?

Sir Arthur Travers Harris, 1st Baronet, byname Bomber Harris, (born April 13, 1892, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England—died April 5, 1984, Goring-on-Thames, Oxfordshire), British air officer who initiated and directed the “saturation bombing” that the Royal Air Force inflicted on Germany during World War II.

What happened to Bomber Harris?

Harris died on 5 April 1984, eight days before his 92nd birthday, at his home in Goring. He is buried in Burntwood Cemetery at Goring.

Where is Bomber Harris buried?

Goring Cemetery, Goring, United Kingdom
Sir Arthur Harris, 1st Baronet/Place of burial

Why is Arthur Harris controversial?

In 1992 the Queen Mother unveiled a bronze statue of Arthur Harris, the head of Bomber Command during World War 2. The event caused international criticism and people attacked the statue. They were protesting against the deaths and destruction caused by the bombing of Dresden.

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Was Arthur Harris a war hero?

The drama explored one of the most controversial figures of the Second World War, Sir Arthur ‘Bomber’ Harris, commander-in-chief of RAF Bomber Command between 1942 and 1945. A hero in 1945, Harris’s reputation steadily declined after the war. A similar fate befell the crews of Bomber Command.

Who used carpet bombing in ww2?

In the Pacific War, carpet bombing was used extensively against Japanese civilian population centers, such as Tokyo. On the night of March 9–10, 1945, 334 B-29 Superfortresses heavy bombers were directed to attack the most heavily populated civilian sectors of Tokyo.

Where was Bomber Command based?

RAF Bomber Command

Bomber Command
Country United Kingdom
Branch Royal Air Force (RAF); attached squadrons & individual personnel of the RCAF, RAAF, and RNZAF.
Role Strategic bombing
Headquarters 1936–1940: RAF Uxbridge 1940–1968: RAF High Wycombe

Was Arthur Harris a war hero or war criminal?

A hero in 1945, Harris’s reputation steadily declined after the war. Identified as the key architect of Bomber Command’s area bombing policy that resulted in the devastation of German cities and the deaths of thousands of German civilians, he was vilified as a mass murderer and a war criminal.

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Was Sir Arthur Harris a war hero or a war criminal?

Hudson said: ‘The members of Bomber Command have had a very raw deal since the war. They have been accused by historians and writers of being murderers, destroying German culture. The critics don’t think that 55,888 men gave their lives for this country. ‘

Who was in charge of Bomber Command in ww2?

Marshal Sir Arthur Harris
RAF Bomber Command

Bomber Command
Battle honours Berlin 1940–1945 Fortress Europe 1940–1944
Commanders
Notable commanders Air Marshal Charles Portal Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Harris
Aircraft flown

What is the nickname of the B-17?

B-17, also called Flying Fortress, U.S. heavy bomber used during World War II. The B-17 was designed by the Boeing Aircraft Company in response to a 1934 Army Air Corps specification that called for a four-engined bomber at a time when two engines were the norm.