## Why does real GDP and nominal GDP Cross?

NOTE: The graph shows nominal GDP (red line) and real GDP (blue line). The difference between the two lines is the effect of inflation on the market value of output. The lines intersect in 2005 because the data use 2005 dollars to adjust for inflation, so the real and nominal values of GDP were the same in that year.

## What’s the difference between nominal and real?

A real interest rate is adjusted to remove the effects of inflation and gives the real rate of a bond or loan. A nominal interest rate refers to the interest rate before taking inflation into account.

When real GDP increases what happens to real output?

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An increase in nominal GDP may just mean prices have increased, while an increase in real GDP definitely means output increased. The GDP deflator is a price index, which means it tracks the average prices of goods and services produced across all sectors of a nation’s economy over time.

### What is the formula for calculating real GDP?

Written out, the equation for calculating GDP is: GDP = private consumption + gross investment + government investment + government spending + (exports – imports). For the gross domestic product, “gross” means that the GDP measures production regardless of the various uses to which the product can be put.

### How do you calculate real GDP?

One needs to first calculate Nominal GDP either by using income method,expenditure method or production method.

• Find out the deflator which shall be provided by the government of that economy
• Now divide the nominal GDP computed in step 1 by deflator gathered in step 2 to arrive at Real GDP.
• From statistical and census report one can find out the population of the country.
• The final step is to divide the Real GDP by the population which shall yield Real GDP per capita.