## How do you calculate the value of RSUs?

As an example, if an employee is awarded 1000 RSUs at the time of her employment, and those RSUs become vested after five years, the value of those RSUs at the time they are vested is as follows: Stock Value = \$20 per share. RSU Value (when vested) = \$20 per share. Taxable income (when vested): \$20 x 1000 = \$20,000.

## What happens to RSUs when a company IPOS?

With double-trigger RSUs, you will face compensation income when all the vested shares are delivered in one batch at the specified time after the second trigger, and then also the FICA taxes when the IPO occurs.

Can private companies offer RSU?

A handful of private firms can offer single-trigger RSUs without this liability because they can afford to cover the cost of tax withholding for their employees—but most companies simply don’t have the cash on hand.

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### What is annual restricted stock unit RSU grant value?

An RSU is a grant whose worth is based on the value of the company’s stock. There is no value to the employee when issued. The RSUs will vest at some point in the future based on time passed or perhaps the achievement of a goal.

### How is RSU fair value calculated?

“Fair value” is equal to the number of RSUs that are expected to be earned (or actually earned) multiplied by the grant date fair market value of a share of company stock.

What is the difference between RSU and options?

Stock options are when a company gives an employee the ability to purchase stock at a predetermined price at a given time. Conversely, RSUs are grants of stock that a company gives to an employee without any purchase.

#### How do RSUs work in a public company?

RSUs are restricted during a vesting period that may last several years, during which time they cannot be sold. Units are just like any other shares of company stock once they are vested. Unlike stock options or warrants, RSUs will always have some value based on the underlying shares.

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#### How do private companies value stock options?

Methods for valuing private companies could include valuation ratios, discounted cash flow (DCF) analysis, or internal rate of return (IRR). The most common method for valuing a private company is comparable company analysis, which compares the valuation ratios of the private company to a comparable public company.

How do you determine the fair value of a restricted stock unit?

“Fair value” is equal to the number of RSUs that are expected to be earned (or actually earned) multiplied by the grant date fair market value of a share of company stock. At the end of the requisite service period, compensation cost is trued-up to equal the “fair value” of the RSUs that actually vest.

## What is an RSU and how does it work?

An RSU is a promise from your employer to give you shares of the company’s stock (or the cash equivalent) on a future date if certain restrictions are met. Unlike with stock options, with RSUs you don’t have to pay anything to get the stock. Instead, you are usually only responsible for paying the applicable taxes when you receive the shares.

## How much is an RSU worth in stock options?

A rule of thumb is that an RSU is worth about 3 or 4 stock options (in the tech industry).* If the company is offering you an equal number of RSUs and options, RSUs are probably the right choice. If the ratio is less favorable to RSUs, then you’ll have to think through these other pros and cons to make your decision.

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