Who won the battle of El Alamein and why?

Who won the battle of El Alamein and why?

Fought near the western frontier of Egypt between 23 October and 4 November 1942, El Alamein was the climax and turning point of the North African campaign of World War Two (1939-45). The Axis army of Italy and Germany suffered a decisive defeat by the British Eighth Army.

Who led the battle of El Alamein?

Marshal Erwin Rommel
On July 1, 1942, Field Marshal Erwin Rommel is brought to a standstill in the battle for control of North Africa. The First Battle of El Alamein begins. In June, the British had succeeded in driving Rommel into a defensive position in Libya.

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Who were the British commander and the German commander at the battle of El Alamein?

Bernard Montgomery Harold Alexander

Second Battle of El Alamein
Germany Italy United Kingdom India Palestine Ceylon Australia New Zealand South Africa Free France Greece United States
Commanders and leaders
Erwin Rommel Georg Stumme † Ettore Bastico Bernard Montgomery Harold Alexander
Strength

Who led the German army in North Africa?

General Erwin Rommel
German General Erwin Rommel arrives in Tripoli, Libya, with the newly formed Afrika Korps, to reinforce the beleaguered Italians’ position. In January 1941, Adolf Hitler established the Afrika Korps for the explicit purpose of helping his Italian Axis partner maintain territorial gains in North Africa.

What started the battle of El Alamein?

At 9.40pm on Friday 23 October 1942, the Battle of El Alamein began with a four-hour ground and air bombardment launched by Britain and its allies. As it subsided, the troops began their advance.

What regiments fought at El Alamein?

British 1st Armoured Division

  • 12th Royal Lancers.
  • 2nd Regiment, Royal Horse Artillery.
  • 4th Regiment, Royal Horse Artillery.
  • 11th Regiment, Royal Horse Artillery (Honourable Artillery Company) (ex 8th Armoured Division)
  • 76th (Royal Welch Fusiliers) Anti-Tank Regiment, Royal Artillery.
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How did the Battle of El Alamein contribute to the Allies victory in World War II?

How did the battle of El Alamein contribute to the Allied victory? It kicked Germany and Italy out of Northern Africa, so it reduced their control of the Mediteranean Sea. The Allies now had a route from the South, through a thin strip of land of Austria, and into Germany.

Why did Britain fight in North Africa?

The battle for North Africa was a struggle for control of the Suez Canal and access to oil from the Middle East and raw materials from Asia. Britain, which was the first major nation to field a completely mechanized army, was particularly dependent on the Middle Eastern oil.

Who was involved in the Battle of El Alamein?

It was part of the Western Desert Campaign of World War 2 was fought between the British Eighth Army led by General Claude Auchinleck and the Axis forces consisting of German and Italian units of Panzerarmee Afrika (Panzer Army Africa) led by Field Marshal Erwin Rommel.

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What happened to Erwin Rommel after the Battle of El Alamein?

By November 1942, the Battle of El Alamein was more or less over, Rommel knew that he was defeated and began his retreat despite orders from Hitler to fight to the last man resulting in a decisive Allied tactical and strategic victory.

What happened to the Highland Division after the Battle of Alamein?

The Highland Division made a slow and costly advance and 7th Armoured Division met stiff resistance from the Ariete Combat Group (the remains of the Ariete Armoured Division). The Panzerarmee had lost roughly 75,000 men, 1,000 guns and 500 tanks since the Second Battle of Alamein and withdrew.

Why is El Alamein important to New Zealand?

In New Zealand, this is due to the country’s significant contribution to the defence of El Alamein, especially the heavy role the Māori Battalion played. Members of this battalion have been labelled war heroes since, such as commander Frederick Baker, James Henare and Eruera Te Whiti o Rongomai Love, the latter of whom was killed in action.