Table of Contents
What was the Chola kingdom called?
The Cholas are also known as the Choda. Its antiquity is evident from the mentions in ancient Tamil literature and in inscriptions. Later medieval Cholas also claimed a long and ancient lineage. Mentions in the early Sangam literature (c.
What is the meaning of Chola dynasty?
The Chola dynasty (சோழர் குலம்) was a Tamil dynasty that ruled in southern India until the 13th century. The dynasty came from the fertile valley of the Kaveri River. Under Rajaraja Chola I (Rajaraja the Great) and his son Rajendra Chola, the dynasty became a military, economic and cultural power in Asia.
What is Chola Indian?
Chola dynasty, Chola also spelled Cola, South Indian Tamil rulers of unknown antiquity, antedating the early Sangam poems (c. 200 ce). The dynasty originated in the rich Kaveri (Cauvery) River valley. Revenue administration, village self-government, and irrigation were highly organized under the Cholas.
What language did Chola reign?
The languages which developed during Chola period was Tamil and Sanskrit. Explanation: The Chola dynasty is one of the most successful and longest-ruling dynasties of the world and it had ruled major parts of South India and parts of South East Asia for nearly five centuries.
Which was the capital of Chola dynasty?
Thanjavur (Tanjore) was the capital of Cholas. Vijayalaya was the founder of the Chola Empire. He defeated the Pallavas and took over the Tanjore kingdom within the 8th century and led to the establishment of the mighty Chola kingdom.
Which is the oldest dynasty in Tamil Nadu?
- The Pandya Dynasty. The Pandya are the earliest mentioned of the Tamil ruling chieftains.
- The Chola Dynasty.
- The Chera Dynasty.
- Legacy of Ancient Tamilakam.
Who is the founder of Chola Dynasty?
The founder of the Chola Empire was Vijayalaya, who was first feudatory of the Pallavas of Kanchi. He captured Tanjore in 850 A.D. He established a temple of goddess Nishumbhasudini (Durga) there. Aditya I succeeded Vijayalaya.
Which was the capital of Chola Dynasty?
What is the other name of Chola dynasty?
Alternative Title: Cola dynasty. Chola dynasty, Chola also spelled Cola, South Indian Tamil rulers of unknown antiquity, antedating the early Sangam poems (c. 200 ce). The dynasty originated in the rich Kaveri (Cauvery) River valley. Uraiyur (now Tiruchchirappalli) was its oldest capital.
Why were the Chola kings so famous in India?
The Chola kings were very famous in India for their great deeds. The Chola dynasty belongs to the Vellalar caste (“noble Tamil warrior caste”) and to the lineage of Suryavamsam (Sun dynasty).The Cholas, Pandyas and Cheras were all descended from the Sangam periods. The reign of King Raja Raja Chola is considered the Golden Age of the Tamils.
What is the correct way to pronounce the Tamil word ‘Chola’?
“Chola”, “Cho-la” and “So-la” are all wrong ! In Tamil, சோழர் is pronounced as ‘Cho-zha-i*r’. This is the correct way to pronounce. The word ‘ChoZha – nadu’ means “New Country”, in the lines of ‘Pandya nadu’ which means “Old Country” !
What does the map showing the extent of the Chola Empire represent?
Map showing the greatest extent of the Chola empire c. 1030 under Rajendra Chola I, shaded in blue represent conquered territories, shaded in pink shows areas influenced by Chola. The Chola dynasty was a Tamil thalassocratic empire of southern India, one of the longest-ruling dynasties in the world’s history.