What is the difference between gluon and photon?

What is the difference between gluon and photon?

Yes they are quite different. The photon is a gauge boson carrier of the electric field. The gluon is a gauge boson carrier of the color field. There is only one kind of photon whereas there are eight kinds of gluons, each having different combinations of color charge although each combination is color neutral.

Do gluons interact with photons?

Gluons only interact with gluons, photons only with charged particles, and for W and Z you have to look at the terms appearing in the Lagrangian.

Is a gluon a boson?

Gluons belong to a category called bosons (right ), which, with the exception of the Higgs, carry nature’s forces. Gluons transmit the most powerful of all the forces—the strong force, responsible for binding together quarks inside protons and neutrons.

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Do gluons have a wavelength?

Because quarks and gluons are confined within hadrons, they have a maximum wavelength of order the confinement scale. Thus quark and gluon condensates reside within hadrons.

Do gluons have antiparticles?

The set of all gluons contains the antiparticles of each member of itself. But while there is only one photon which is own antiparticle (it is a singlet), each specific gluon has an antiparticle distinct of itself.

Do gluons interact with each other?

Within their range of about a fermi, the gluons can interact with each other, and can produce virtual quark-antiquark pairs. The property of interaction with each other is very different from the other exchange particles, and raises the possibility of gluon collections referred to as “glueballs”.

Are gluons matter?

Gluons—the carriers of the strong force that “glues” quarks together—make up over 95\% of the mass of you, me, and everything else in the visible Universe. But they do not exist in matter in the same way as an electron, a quark, or indeed a chair does.

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Are gluons virtual particles?

Gluons are real particles in the Standard Model. They are force carriers of the strong nuclear force. In hadrons, they do exist to keep the quarks and antiquarks together. In this way, they are both real particles and also virtual particles.

What are the similarities and differences between photons and gluons?

Both photons and gluons are massless, force carrying particles. They are both spin 1, vector bosons, and they both have negative parity. Photons mediate the electromagnetic force, and gluons carry the strong nuclear force. Other than these similarities, there are also big differences.

How do Z bosons interact with photons?

The Z bosons interact with themselves as they carry mass. The photons however cannot interact through any of these forces as they do not have mass neither do they have charge or color charge.

How do gravity bosons interact with themselves?

Gluons can interact with themselves as they carry color charge which is necessary for strong interaction. Similarly the W bosons interact through the electromagnetic force as they carry charge. The Z bosons interact with themselves as they carry mass.

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What is the difference between a hadron and a gluon?

Another important difference is that free photons can exist, while gluons are confined within hadrons as they are colour-charged. There are theoretical models which predict the existence of a composite particle composed solely of gluons called a glueball.