## What happens if real GDP increases and nominal GDP decreases?

If real GDP rises while nominal GDP falls, then prices on average have: Nominal GDP falling would mean either prices have fallen or real GDP has fallen (or both). Since Real GDP has not fallen, prices must have fallen.

### Is it possible for nominal GDP in a year to be less than real GDP in the same year?

YES, it is possible that in the same year, nominal GDP is less than real GDP. Nominal GDP is GDP NOT adjusted to a change in prices of goods and…

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#### What happens when real GDP increases and nominal GDP increases?

An increase in nominal GDP may just mean prices have increased, while an increase in real GDP definitely means output increased. The GDP deflator is a price index, which means it tracks the average prices of goods and services produced across all sectors of a nation’s economy over time.

Can nominal GDP be higher than real GDP?

The reason why the Nominal GDP appears higher than the Real GDP is that the Real GDP is adjusted for inflation, which reduces the total amount. Thus, the same economic output in two time periods will show a higher Real GDP compared to the Nominal GDP.

Can nominal GDP less than real GDP?

False. Nominal GDP can be less than real GDP, if prices in the current year are less than the prices in the base year.

## What happens when nominal GDP is lower than real GDP?

A positive difference in nominal minus real GDP signifies inflation and a negative difference signifies deflation. In other words, when nominal is higher than real, inflation is occurring and when real is higher than nominal, deflation is occurring.

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### What happens to nominal GDP when real GDP decreases?

Real GDP is calculated by taking the total output for GDP and dividing it by the GDP deflator. Negative nominal GDP growth could be due to a decrease in prices, called deflation. If prices declined at a greater rate than production growth, nominal GDP might reflect an overall negative growth rate in the economy.